For exfoliation that is slightly deeper than a customized facial or a topical cream, Chicago cosmetic surgeon, Dr. Cornell McCullom, may recommend a chemical peel. A peel can improve many skin irregularities, such as acne, scarring, sunspots, fine lines and sun damage. It is a nonsurgical, less invasive way to improve the appearance of the skin by applying a chemical solution to the top layers, which works to peel away and destroy damaged or dead cells. Through this peeling process, a rejuvenated layer of skin is left behind. There are varying strengths of peels depending on the condition of your skin and your aesthetic goals. Following a chemical peel, you will find your skin feels smoother and firmer and looks calmer and more refreshed, with better tone and balance.
TYPES OF CHEMICAL PEELS
A superficial peel exfoliates the top, most outer layer of the skin in order to remove overlying dead skin cells. These peels consist of Alpha Hydroxy or Beta Hydroxy acid and generally take 3-4 days to complete the peeling process. It is the mildest peel available with the fastest recovery time and the lowest average cost. The results, while effective, are a bit limited compared to a more aggressive peel, and do not last as long.
MEDIUM DEPTH PEELS
A medium depth peel consists of Trichloroacetic acid (known as a TCA peel). It penetrates the skin more deeply than the superficial peel, with stronger effects. The trade-off, however, is a less comfortable procedure with a longer recovery time. This procedure also costs more than a superficial peel. Recovery can take a full week or longer.
A deep peel is the harshest of all chemical peels. It is also the most expensive and has the longest recovery. However, this peel, containing Phenol, does have a much stronger effect and can combat more persistent problems, like skin lesions and deep wrinkles. Deep chemical peels tend to bleach the top layer of the skin. Therefore, it is not recommended for darker skin tones. These are reserved for individuals with skin wrinkling around the lips, deep wrinkles from sun exposure and deeper scars.
DURING/AFTER THE PROCEDURE
The process for applying a chemical peel is generally the same for each type, but will vary slightly depending on the level of solution being applied. Anesthesia is not used during this procedure. However, it may be considered for Phenol peels. First, the face is thoroughly cleaned. Then, the chemical agent is then brushed on to the skin. Patients will experience some mild stinging at this time. The face is then washed and a cool saline compress is applied to act as a neutralizer. Patients will need to wear sunscreen and limit sun exposure as much as possible.
The cost for a chemical peel will vary based depending on the type of treatment performed and the time and care provided during the treatment process. Patients can expect to pay about $200 for a superficial chemical peel. Keep in mind, it is recommended that these be repeated monthly in order to maintain the results. A medium chemical peel will run between $1,000-$2,000. This process can be repeated every six months. Deep chemical peels are the most invasive and often require physician skill and pre-op and post-op medications. They run between $2,500-$6,000, but are long-lasting.
PLAN YOUR PROCEDURE
- Average Cost
- Recovery Time
- Average Procedure Time
- Post-op Follow-up
- Procedure Recovery Location
- $200 – $300
- 1-3 Days
- 20 Minutes
- 4 Weeks
- Office Visit
CHEMICAL PEEL FAQS
DOES A CHEMICAL PEEL HURT?
A chemical peel does not hurt. However, it may cause some discomfort. Most patients will feel tingling and a slight burning sensation, which will subside shortly after the procedure has been completed. Phenol peels result in a greater degree of discomfort, but the practitioner should plan for this before the procedure begins.
It is very common to combine a chemical peel with another procedure. Micro needling is one such procedure that provide effective results when combined with a peel. This will be considered a combination program that can be repeated every six weeks.
HOW TO CHOOSE?
There are many alternatives to consider. Individuals looking to reduce fine lines, blotchiness and other mild skin conditions may benefit from a chemical peel, which removes dead skin cells and accelerates the generation of new skin. If deep wrinkles are the issue, patients may also want to consider another treatment such as BOTOX or a filler.